Milliners design and make hats and other headgear such as caps, berets, bonnets, fascinators and bridal headpieces, using materials such as felt, fabric, fur, leather, straw and artificial flowers.
Duties & Tasks
Milliners may perform the following tasks:
- interpret fashion trends and use them in designing hats and other headgear
- mark and cut patterns to desired shape and size, lay the pattern onto fabric and cut around it
- shape, cut, twist, roll, fold and reinforce fabrics and other materials with wire to gain desired effect
- assemble hats by hand or using a sewing machine
- steam and press material into shape by hand and, if needed, stiffen it by using a special solution
- sew trimmings such as ribbons, buckles, braids or chains onto hats
- operate semi-automatic blocking machines for mass production
- alter, renovate and re-block (re-shape) existing hats
- package and dispatch hats for customers
- display, fit and sell hats and accessories.
Milliners employed by mass-production firms usually perform single tasks, such as trimming hats with ribbon or sewing in headbands. Milliners making 'semi-model' (limited production) hats hand trim shapes that have been moulded by machine. Highly skilled milliners create designs in fabric or on paper that can be followed by other milliners.
- enjoy practical and manual activities
- good hand-eye coordination
- artistic sense of colour and design
- patient and able to persevere
- understanding of and interest in fashion trends.