Beekeepers operate beehives to produce honey and related products such as beeswax, pollen, royal jelly, propolis (bee glue and bee antiseptic) and queen bees, and to pollinate seed, fruit, nut and vegetable crops. Beekeepers also operate beehives to assist with the pollination of seed, fruit, nut and vegetable crops.

Duties & Tasks

Beekeepers may perform the following tasks:

  • build or put together parts of ready-made beehives
  • treat and paint beehive parts to prevent wood rot
  • negotiate with property owners and government agencies for sites on which to keep their bees
  • transport hives to sites that have been assessed for honey or pollen production potential
  • insert sheets of wax stamped with a honeycomb imprint into frames to be placed into hives
  • remove honeycomb from the hive and extract honey
  • look after and repair beehives and honey-extracting equipment
  • control bee diseases, pests and parasites in working hives
  • re-queen colonies and raise queen bees for their own use or sale
  • negotiate with farmers to provide pollination services in the growing of nut, fruit, seed and vegetable crops
  • process and clean beeswax
  • package and sell honey, pollen, propolis and beeswax.

Working Conditions

Beekeepers travel a lot, examining honey and pollen flora and transporting beehives by truck from site to site as plants start flowering. Much of their time is spent outdoors and away from home. Many wear protective clothing such as overalls, gloves and hats with nets attached to protect their faces.

Personal Requirements

  • enjoy botany (plants) and entomology (insects)
  • free from allergies and able to work with bees
  • able to work in isolated areas
  • willing to work long and irregular hours
  • able to lift heavy weights
  • happy to work alone
  • able to keep accurate records.
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